'A lonely child, I could see that Rembrandt had had his problems'
Self-Portrait with Two Circles, 1665–69, by Rembrandt van Rijn (1606–69), The Iveagh Bequest, Kenwood House, London. Bridgeman Images.
Lucinda Bredin says:
‘Kenwood was one of the places on our itinerary. My father would pick me up in his Hillman Minx and drive to Kenwood House, which, to imbue it with more glamour, he said belonged to Princess Margaret. It was also the home of my favourite painting. A lonely child, I could see that Rembrandt had had his problems. He looked as if he’d knocked about a bit, but he also seemed to be willing to share stories with me. Even now, I occasionally run things past him. He always listens.’
Lucinda Bredin is Arts editor of The Week and editor of Bonhams Magazine.
Art critic John McEwen comments:
‘Through his many self-portraits, we know what Rembrandt looked like to a degree unmatched in art. From his first etched likeness as a curly mopped 21 year old to his last in oils the year he died, he charted his appearance in more than 80 paintings, drawings and etchings. In that time, he suffered the deaths of his two wives, four of his five children and, aged 50, was declared bankrupt through ‘losses suffered in business as well as damages and losses at sea’.
Self-portraits in the 17th century were not a private indulgence, but one more commercial genre, sold together with other subjects. Although he was only in his twenties, three of Rembrandt’s self-portraits were held in grand collections, including that of Charles I. When he was bankrupted, not one appears on the inventory of his possessions. Before the 19th century, and the dawning of psychology, ‘self-portraits’ were described as pictures of artists by their own hand. But if there were no psychoanalysts in Rembrandt’s day, philosophy and religion—not least the seven deadly sins—were cause enough for self-examination.
Rembrandt could empathise inimitably with the sufferings of Christ, so he has the profoundest understanding as a witness of his own mortality. ‘Old age is a shipwreck,’ said Gen de Gaulle. Rembrandt unflinchingly recognises this, but with a compassionate, rather than a cold, eye. His face registers as many emotions as we bring to it. The significance of the famous circles is a mystery, except that this great painting would not be quite so magisterial without them.’
This article was first published in Country Life, February 10, 2010